Climate Change

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Global Warming and International Conventions


Climate system, without doubt, has warmed up.  The atmosphere and the oceans have warmed and the amount of snow and ice has decreased, the sea level has increased and the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has increased. It is addressed in the international assessment reports by IPCC that human impact is the highest possibility in the warming as of the midst of the twentieth century. 

•    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 
•    Kyoto Protocol 
•    Paris Agreement 

Position of the Turkish Cement Sector

Representative of the cement sector, TCMA follows the Climate Change Conferences on-site, which are organized annually within the scope of the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change and makes sectorial presentations from time to time. Advances at these conferences are shared with the members in the form of meetings and visual materials.

1.2 Greenhouse Gas Reduction

Cement production comprises approximately 5% of the global emissions. Emissions due to cement production can be classified as direct and indirect emissions. Direct emissions are those controlled by the facility (emissions from decarbonization and fuel). Indirect emissions are those, which are the result of the activities at the facility but result from other facilities (such as electric power consumption).   

Position of the Turkish Cement Sector

Turkish cement sector carries out studies/makes investments to implement the following leverages for the reduction/control of the greenhouse gases;

•    To increase energy efficiency
•    To use alternative fuels (especially biomass wastes)
•    To reduce clinker/cement ratio (to increase the use of blended cement)
•    To use new and innovative technologies (e.g. Carbon capture, storage and use)

Cement factories in our country implements greenhouse gas monitoring, reporting and verification process annually as per the legislation.  

1.3 Carbon Trading Systems

Turkey cannot benefit from the flexibility mechanisms of Kyoto Protocol, which are subject to emission trading. There is no emission trading system or emission tax system in our country within the scope of Kyoto Protocol or as an independent official one. However, projects for Voluntary Carbon Market, which is established within the framework of the environmental and social responsibility principle, have been developed and implemented for a long time. 

Position of the Turkish Cement Sector

Our sector closely follows the emission trading system and tax systems at the European Union and global scale.  Projects on emission markets implemented in our country under the cover of the public sector are followed up by the TCMA and the sector representatives and contribution is made to the studies, if required.